After the North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect in 1994, the U.S. saw large waves of illegal immigration from Mexico as small farmers, or campesinos, found it impossible to compete with heavily subsidized U.S. agriculture industry.
"They were sunk from day one," Duncan Wood, director of the Wilson Center’s Mexico Institute, told KPBS during a San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce meeting in Washington, D.C.
Wood called the updated United States-Mexico-Canada-Agreement "vital" for North America as a whole but acknowledged that Mexico’s campesinos are getting the short end of the . . .