In Mexico the economic situation worsens day by day, and also the insecurity and fear of the population to be victims of some crime.
This is shown by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) in its National Public Urban Security Survey (ENSU), which revealed that in December 2016, 74.1% of the population aged 18 and over considered living in their city is unsafe, which represents a rise over last September when the rate was 71.9%.
Only 40.5% of those asked in Puerto Vallarta had some anxiety over safety, well-below the national average. Other locations where residents felt safer included Merida, Yucatan; Durango, Durango; Tepic, Nayarit and Piedras Negras, Coahuila. Meridia ranked first when it came to the level of safety the population felt, with only 33.8% of the population having anxiety over safety.
Nine out of 10 people living in Villahermosa, Tabasco; Chilpancingo, Guerrero; the eastern region of Mexico City; Ecatepec, México State and Fresnillo, Zacatecas said that living in these cities is dangerous.
According to ENSU, 82% of the population aged 18 and over reported feeling insecure at ATMs located on the public highway, 74.2% on public transport, 68.3% at the bank and 67.1% on the streets they use frequently.
According to the report, “the feeling of insecurity due to fear of crime and public expectations about public safety are generated by the influence of various factors, such as witnessing criminal or antisocial behavior that occurs in the environment where the population lives. Likewise, fear of crime can change the routines or habits of the population, as well as the perception of police performance.”
In this way, 42.7% of the population aged 18 and over had a direct conflict during the fourth quarter of 2016 with relatives, neighbors, co-workers, schools, establishments or government authorities.
In addition, 63.4% of Mexicans, resident in the cities under study, stated that during the fourth quarter of 2016 they changed their habits regarding “carrying things of value such as jewelry, money or credit cards” for fear of undergoing some assault; while 57.9% acknowledged having changed habits regarding “allowing their minor children to leave their home”; 52.3% changed routines regarding “walking around the house, after eight o’clock at night” and 35.5% changed routines related to “visiting relatives or friends”.