During 2017, an average of 1,688 cases of corruption was filed per thousand national and municipal uniformed police while they were on the job, which translates into 1.6 acts of corruption by each police, revealed the first National Survey of Standards and Professional Training Police (ENECAP).
The exercise developed by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi), revealed that the entities most affected by these acts are CDMX, Coahuila, Querétaro, Sonora, Michoacán and Jalisco.
The Enecap also noted that of these 1,391 were acts of bribery of citizens, while 292 were extortions by colleagues and superiors; five for bribes made by the corporation’s own staff to enter or get promoted.
The report shows that only 68% of the uniformed nationals said they had enough income to satisfy their basic needs in their homes: daily food, medicines, medical attention; Clothes and shoes; school supplies and tuition; maintenance of the house, as well as leisure and recreation.
In states such as Chiapas, Tabasco, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Puebla and Tlaxcala, between 56% and 62% of the police said they did not have enough income to attend to pay the basic needs.
86.1% of the participants in the survey assured that they obtained at their own expense at least one accessory or support material or protection for the performance of their duties. They had to buy, without being reimbursed the expenses, tear gas, traffic vests, hand lamps, radio communication equipment, cell phones, axes, breathalyzers, and protective equipment.
On the issue of the use of force, they point out that, during 2017, 75.3% of the police elements with operational functions made use of force in the performance of their duties.
56,000 elements were interviewed and demographic aspects, medical background, and health habits, previous work experience, working hours, equipment and victimization were taken into account.
Eunice Rendón, security expert and member of the Network of Linkage of Local Action Networks (Viral), considered that this diagnosis is a perfect radiograph for the incoming government to intensify efforts in the matter.
In an interview, he considered that it also provides the opportunity to accurately manage the financial resources to meet demands that have been forgotten for years by these security forces.