Agreement between Mexico and the United States on outstanding bilateral issues in renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) could be just a few hours away, Mexican officials said on Wednesday.
“We hope that we’ll have a solution in the next couple of hours, or the next couple of days,” Mexican Economy Minister Ildefonso Guajardo told reporters before entering the offices of U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer for NAFTA talks.
The Mexican peso rose against the dollar after his comments.
A spokesperson for Lighthizer’s office said there was no deal yet and that “major issues” were still outstanding on NAFTA.
Since restarting last month, the talks have focused on settling differences between Mexico and the United States that go to the heart of U.S. President Donald Trump’s complaint that NAFTA has hollowed out U.S. manufacturing to Mexico’s benefit.
Trump has threatened to dump the 24-year-old accord if it is not reworked to the advantage of the United States. He hopes to reduce the U.S. trade deficit with lower-cost Mexico and claw back jobs, particularly in the automotive industry.
Although progress has been made on the automotive question in recent weeks, other issues, including a U.S. proposal that could kill NAFTA after five years, remain unresolved.
Guajardo’s comments were echoed by Jesus Seade, designated chief negotiator of Mexican President-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who said the two sides were making “good progress” and that talks could conclude “in the coming hours.”
Canada has been waiting for the Mexican and U.S. teams to reach common ground on autos before rejoining the negotiations.
U.S. and Mexican officials say they will push for a deal on reworking auto industry rules that could open the door for Canada to return to negotiations soon.
Guajardo said the talks would seek to resolve the key issues so that Canada could rejoin the talks. How quickly Canada returns to the table would depend on the progress made in Wednesday’s talks, he said.
A Canadian government source said on Tuesday there was nothing to report yet on Canada’s return.
Talks to rework NAFTA, which underpins the bulk of foreign trade in North America, have ground on for more than a year. Discussions stalled ahead of the July 1 Mexican election as negotiators failed to make a decisive breakthrough.
Aside from autos, the three sides have yet to agree on future dispute resolution mechanisms, while Mexico and Canada also oppose a U.S. demand to introduce a “sunset clause” that would force a renegotiation of NAFTA every five years.
Mexico and Canada fear a sunset clause could be a major hindrance on long-term investment.
Reporting by Sharay Angulo and Timothy Aeppel, Writing by Daina Beth Solomon; Editing by Dave Graham, Dan Grebler and Susan Thomas